The history of the extraction of
natural resources in Belize after European colonisation was largely that of timber extraction and
forest tree usage. There are four stages of forest use; 1) for logwood to make dies in Europe, 2)
for mahogany for timber in Europe, 3) for chical to make chewing gum for the USA, and currently 4)
the harvesting of wood for local use and high quality furniture timber for local and overseas
use, especially in the emerging Asian markets. Of these trees mahogany and chical were
harvested in the Sartenejan Region, and mahogeny is till found but in greatly reduced
Logwood () has the most exotic
history of extraction and use.
Chical is the dried sap of the
chical tree and developed a large market in the USA as the base for chewing gum. Eventually the
chical was replaced by gum artificially produced from petroleum products.