The sustainable development in the
Sartenejan region requires maximising the potentials of agriculture, fisheries, eco- and scientific
tourism, real estate, building, and energy supply.
Niche markets can be developed to
maximise profits and employment.
The sustainable development of these industries will
provide a range of employment opportunities.
Improved facilities include
services such as cheaper and more reliable electricity, better roads, and affordable garbage
collection, more and better shops, restaurants, and entertainment. There will also be a more widely experienced and better trained workers skill
Niche markets could be within
the Sartenejan region, retail Belize, tourist resorts, or internationally. Products include the
sustainable development of new manufacturing industries, the production of specialised fruit trees
and crops, aquaculture, and small scale livestock production.
Secondary products such as
jams, spices, and food bars provide increased employment and are marketable with good
branding. Both primary and
secondary products are often successfully marketed through using branding that includes special
locations, flavours or health benefits.
Sarteneja is an ideal location for the sustainable development of solar energy,
both for heating water and for electricity. Sarteneja is the sunniest region on mainland Belize,
and the long transmission lines to Sarteneja result in considerable loss of electricity (see
Energy). The use of
wood fuel provides a sustainable energy source.
encourages the preservation of natural forest to maintain the beauty of the region, biodiversity, and rainfall, and to reduce
wind damage and provide for water tables.
the region sustainably develops the maintenance of both forest
and biodiversity will
increasingly support higher land values and tourist potential.
To save cost and minimise
pollution, chemical fertilisers, herbicide's, and pesticides should be used sparingly and organic
farming methods used where practicable.
On a world scale the Sartenejan region is a very low
producer of greenhouse gasses that increase global climate warming. To minimise greenhouse
gas emissions for transport use bicycles if possible or vehicles that use the minimum fuel. Travel on
busses rather than driving.
Recent and new house construction is largely concrete beam/block design with
concrete roofs. These houses are structurally hurricane
resistant, however, they tend to hold heat. Air conditioning is expensive and uses a lot of electricity. Cost efficient
architecture that minimised heat intake by the house and maximised the control of ventilation could
Sustainability includes problems shared between regions
such as climate change and long term air born pollutants. However, each region has its
particular opportunities for to build sustainability. For example, the high amount of
sunshine in some locations makes them ideal for the development of solar
In Central America soot from forest burning can be
reduced in concert with forest retention. Soot contributes
30% to global warming. Soot quickly leaves the atmosphere so is effect is very short term. This
means the positive effects of decreased atmospheric soot on reducing global warming is almost
immediate. We are working on improved agricultural systems that increase income while reducing the
need for forest clearance and burning. Minimising soot production
through reduced burning would provides Sarteneja an opportunity to immediately reduce the rate of
global warming and retian forest.
Further benefits of reducing burning are through the
unburned vegetation acting as mulch. Mulch adds nutrients to the soil, and reduces nutrient
loss, weeding, and water loss. Plant growth can greatly increase especially during dry periods as soil
nutrition and water availability increase. This reduces the time before first production and
increases crop yields and quality.
The sustainable development of the Sartenejan
region will provide increased facilities, an improved environment and economy, more opportunities
for youth employment in a career position.