The cultural heritage of the people of Sarteneja began as humans migrated from Africa through Asia and then populated North and South America. The native populations of North and South America formed many cultures, and after developing societies, some of the worlds greatest ancient civilisations.

Recent archeological finds at a 1.8 million year old site show a very wide variation in the shapes of skulls that overlaps several previously recognised ancient human species. This suggests that some human species lineages, based on skeletal remains, may be part of a complex process of sequential interbreeding and morphological adaptation.

Humans who looked broadly like present-day people started to appear in the fossil record of Eurasia between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. DNA extracted from 40,000 year old bone in a cave near Beijing showed that the person it belonged to was related to the ancestors of present-day Asians and Native North and South Americans.

The ancestry of this person and ongoing genetic studies provide evidence that early modern humans interbred with ancient human species including the Neanderthal's, Denisovan's, and another group that had been separate at least 1 million years, as they migrated from Africa and settled across the world.

Around 40,000 years ago modern humans had replaced all ancient lineages through interbreeding and other mechanisms.

The peoples of North and South America are Asiatic and migrated in two main waves. According to a prevailing New World migration model, migrations of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took place via Beringia, a land bridge which connected the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait. The most recent migration could have taken place around 12,000 years ago, with the earliest migration up to 26,000 years ago.

The first signs of Maya civilisation appear at about 1000 BC in western Guatemala. The Maya developed a system of hieroglyphic writing and so the written history of Central America began.

The Mayan civilisation grew and developed a number of city states with polities with similar in a range of aspects to those of Ancient Greece, and Medieval Europe, and early China.

A notable characteristic of Mayan civilisation is that it was moulded by a cosmology based on a stable and organised universe, similar to China with its Confucian philosophy of stability and order. After successful military or diplomatic conquering of another city state, the Maya kings reestablished the governance and stability of conquered city states sometimes through the original ruling family.


Maya Heritage

Maya Port of Sarteneja

Sartenejan Post Colonial History